Botany

Metadata Standards

ABCD - Access to Biological Collection Data

A standard for the access to and exchange of primary biodiversity data, including specimens and observations.

Darwin Core

A body of standards, including a glossary of terms (in other contexts these might be called properties, elements, fields, columns, attributes, or concepts) intended to facilitate the sharing of information about biological diversity by providing reference definitions, examples, and commentaries.

EML - Ecological Metadata Language

Ecological Metadata Language (EML) is a metadata specification particularly developed for the ecology discipline.

Extensions

Apple Core

Darwin Core documentation and recommendations for herbaria.

DwC Germplasm

An extension to the Darwin Core standard, it includes additional terms required to describe plant genetic resources and in particular germplasm seed samples.

GBIF Metadata Profile

Established by a global network of countries and organizations, GBIF is a web portal promoting and facilitating the mobilization, access, discovery and use of biodiversity data. The portal uses a profile of EML; a How-to Guide and Reference Guide for using the profile are available.

HISPID - Herbarium Information Standards and Protocols for Interchange of Data

An extension to ABCD 2.06, it is designed to allow the storage and transmission of herbarium plant specimen data.

Tools

Darwin Core Archive Assistant

A web application that offers data publishers wishing to serve to the GBIF network an easy interface for describing data elements as basic text files, composing an appropriate XML Darwin Core descriptor file to accompany them.

Darwin Core Archive Validator

A tool to validate XML metadata against the Darwin Core Text Guidelines.

Integrated Publishing Toolkit

A software platform using Darwin Core and EML to facilitate the efficient publishing of biodiversity data on the Internet, using the GBIF network.

Use Cases

Atlas of Living Australia

An aggregation of information on all the known species in Australia, collected from museums, herbaria, community groups, government departments, individuals and universities. All data is converted to Darwin Core.

BAS PDC - British Antarctic Survey Polar Data Centre

An organisation coordinating the management of data collected by UK-funded scientists in the polar regions, using an application profile that is harmonious with both ISO 19115 and DIF.

BioCASE - Biological Collection Access Service for Europe

The BioCASE Biological Unit Network provides access to a transnational network of biological collections; its protocol requires providers to use the ABCD schema in their configuration files.

GBIF - Global Biodiversity Information Facility

Established by a global network of countries and organizations, GBIF is a web portal promoting and facilitating the mobilization, access, discovery and use of biodiversity data. The preferred format for publishing data to the GBIF network is the Darwin Core Archive, and its Integrated Publishing Toolkit uses EML as its data standard.

Rebioma

A web portal using Darwin Core to describe biodiversity data collected in Madagascar.