Geoscience

Metadata Standards

ABCD - Access to Biological Collection Data

A standard for the access to and exchange of primary biodiversity data, including specimens and observations.

Darwin Core

A body of standards, including a glossary of terms (in other contexts these might be called properties, elements, fields, columns, attributes, or concepts) intended to facilitate the sharing of information about biological diversity by providing reference definitions, examples, and commentaries.

ISO 19115

An internationally-adopted schema for describing geographic information and services. It provides information about the identification, the extent, the quality, the spatial and temporal schema, spatial reference, and distribution of digital geographic data.

Extensions

ABCDEFG - Access to Biological Collection Databases Extended for Geosciences

An extension of the ABCD standard for Geosciences data.

Cruise Summary Reports

The National Oceanographic Data Centre's required format for reporting on cruises or field experiments at sea, formulated using tags from the ISO19115 metadata standard.

INSPIRE Metadata Regulation

A profile of ISO 19115:2003, adopted in 2007 as the common metadata standard for the Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE). The other profiles of ISO 19115 in use in European Member States have been made compliant with INSPIRE.

ISO 19115-2 - Imagery and gridded data

An extension of ISO 19115 defining the schema required for describing imagery and gridded data.

Marine Community Profile

A profile developed in accordance with ISO 19115 rules by the Australian Ocean Data Centre that supports the documentation and discovery of marine spatial datasets.

USGIN ISO profile
Recommended practices for using ISO19139 xml encoding of ISO 19115 and ISO 19119 metadata to describe a broad spectrum of geoscience resources

Tools

ANZ-MEST - Metadata Entry and Search Tool

A GeoNetwork web application for metadata management and searching, with profiles available for two extensions of ISO 19115: ANZLIC and the Marine Community Profile.

SeaDataNet Software

A suite of tools designed by SeaDataNet to facilitate the creation, editing, and conversion of ocean and marine data and metadata. Particular tools are available for preparing ISO 19115-conformant XML metadata files for the SeaDataNet directories.

Use Cases

CEOS International Directory Network

An international effort headed by the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites developed to assist users in locating Earth science data sets, data services, and visualizations using DIF metadata.

Common Data Index

A web service allowing users to access the availability and geographical spreading of marine data sets managed by the SeaDataNet data centres, using metadata based on the ISO 19115 content model.

GeoCASe - Geosciences Collection Access Service

The GeoCASe Network provides access to a transnational network of palaeontological, mineralogical, and geological data; providers are required to use ABCDEFG, an extention of ABCD, in their configuration files.

INSPIRE - Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe
A Spatial Data Infrastructure, whose scope includes the basic spatial information, as well as measured, modelled or simulated data.
Marine Geoscience Data System

An online portal providing access to a number of NSF-supported marine geoscience projects, which has developed its own metadata requirements.