Topography

Metadata Standards

Darwin Core

A body of standards, including a glossary of terms (in other contexts these might be called properties, elements, fields, columns, attributes, or concepts) intended to facilitate the sharing of information about biological diversity by providing reference definitions, examples, and commentaries.

FGDC/CSDGM - Federal Geographic Data Committee Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata

BGDC policy states that non-Federally authored standards that are endorsed by the FGDC have the same status as FGDC developed standards. Since ISO 19115 and the associated standards are endorsed by the FGDC, federal agencies are encouraged to transition to ISO metadata as their agencies are able to do so.

ISO 19115

An internationally-adopted schema for describing geographic information and services. It provides information about the identification, the extent, the quality, the spatial and temporal schema, spatial reference, and distribution of digital geographic data.

Repository-Developed Metadata Schemas

Some repositories have decided that current standards do not fit their metadata needs, and so have created their own requirements.

Extensions

ANZLIC Metadata Profile

A profile of ISO 19115, also mapping to the AGLS profile of Dublin Core, designed to facilitate efficient access to descriptions of information resources, particularly geographic or spatial data.

Darwin Core Geospatial Extension

A protocol-independent XML schema for a geospatial extension to the Darwin Core.

INSPIRE Metadata Regulation

A profile of ISO 19115:2003, adopted in 2007 as the common metadata standard for the Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE). The other profiles of ISO 19115 in use in European Member States have been made compliant with INSPIRE.

ISO 19115 North American Profile

A common profile of ISO19115:2003 between the United States and Canada, designed to enhance interoperability of geographic information metadata in North America.

ISO 19115-2 - Imagery and gridded data

An extension of ISO 19115 defining the schema required for describing imagery and gridded data.

UK AGMAP - Academic Geospatial Metadata Application Profile

A profile of ISO 19115 designed to support the documentation and discovery of spatial datasets, dataset series and geo services within Higher and Further Education.

UK Gemini

A specification for a set of metadata elements describing geospatial data resources for discovery purposes, based on ISO 19115.

Tools

ANZ-MEST - Metadata Entry and Search Tool

A GeoNetwork web application for metadata management and searching, with profiles available for two extensions of ISO 19115: ANZLIC and the Marine Community Profile.

FGDC/CDSGM Tools

The FGDC website's list of tools to implement the CSDGM standard.

Geodoc Metadata Editor

The Geodoc metadata editor tool allows users to create, validate, edit and export geospatial metadata records. It also supports the creation and export of metadata records as XML output files compliant with a number of standards, including UK AGMAP 2.1, ISO 19115, FGDC, DDI, and Dublin Core.

M3Cat

A tool for the creation and cataloguing of geospatial metadata, including CSDGM and ISO 19115.

WiscLINC Metadata Tools Review

The Wisconsin Land INformation Clearinghouse review of metadata tools used for documenting geospatial data and serving geospatial metadata. It includes tools for CSDGM, ISO 19115, Dublin Core, and DIF.

Use Cases

Discovery Metadata Service

A geospatial data network requiring that metadata for datasets, data series and online services are published to the UK Gemini v2.1 metadata standard, itself an extension of ISO 19115.

GFZ Information System and Data Center

A case study describing DIF metadata use in the German Research Center for Geoscience.

GoGeo Portal

The GoGeo Portal enables users to discover geospatial information and services for education and research. It uses UK Agmap, a profile based on ISO 19115, for its metadata records.

Marine Geoscience Data System

An online portal providing access to a number of NSF-supported marine geoscience projects, which has developed its own metadata requirements.