Observations and Measurements

This encoding is an essential dependency for the OGC Sensor Observation Service (SOS) Interface Standard. More specifically, this standard defines XML schemas for observations, and for features involved in sampling when making observations. These provide document models for the exchange of information describing observation acts and their results, both within and between different scientific and technical communities.


An Open Geospatial Consortium Encoding Standard for the representation of hydrological observations data with a specific focus on time series structures.


SOS -Sensor Observation Service

This tool uses the Observations and Measurements standard to define a Web service interface which allows querying observations, sensor metadata, as well as representations of observed features.

Use Cases

INSPIRE - Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe
A Spatial Data Infrastructure, whose scope includes the basic spatial information, as well as measured, modelled or simulated data.
ODIP -Ocean Data Interoperability Platform
This system aims to facilitate sharing across scientific domains and international boundaries, members include all the major organisations engaged in ocean data management in EU, US, and Australia.