Because good research needs good data

Status message


Warning message

Just to let you know, we are no longer updating this section.
This is retained as a resource but nothing new has been added since late 2009. No further additions will be made by the DCC.


Expanded name

International Organization for Standardization

Date of establishment


URL [external]


ISO is a non-governmental worldwide federation of national standards bodies who's mission is to promote the development of standardization and related activities in the world with a view to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services, and to developing cooperation in the spheres of intellectual, scientific, technological and economic activity. ISO's work results in international agreements that are published as International Standards. By the end of 2002, ISO's work has resulted in over 13,700 International Standards and standards-type documents.

Areas of Activity

The scope of ISO is not limited to any particular industry; it covers all areas of standardization except electrical and electronic engineering, which is the responsibility of IEC. The work in the field of information technology is carried out by a joint ISO/IEC technical committee (see ISO/IEC JTC1 below).

Other ISO technical committees of relevance to the IT industry include:

  • TC 42 [external]: Photography
  • TC 46 [external]: Information and documentation
  • TC 68 [external]: Banking, Securities and other financial services
  • TC 130 [external]: Graphic technology
  • TC 154 [external]: Documents and data elements in administration, commerce and industry
  • TC 159 [external]: Ergonomics
  • TC 171 [external]: Document imaging applications
  • TC 215 [external]: Health Informatics


The membership consists of 140 national standards bodies, of which 92 are member bodies, 37 correspondent members and 11 subscriber members (September 2001). A member body of ISO is the national body "most representative of standardization in its country". Only one such body for each country is accepted for membership. The member bodies are expected to:

  • Inform potentially interested parties in their country of relevant international standardization opportunities and initiatives.
  • Organize a concerted view of the country's interests.
  • Provide their country's share of financial support.

ISO 12142: Electronic Imaging Errors
ISO 15489: Records Management
ISO 15924: Script Codes
ISO 23081: Metadata for Records
ISO 2788: Monolingual Thesauri
ISO 3166: Country Codes
ISO 5964: Multilingual Thesauri
ISO 639: Names of Languages
ISO 832:1994
ISO 8601: Dates and Times
ISO/IEC 27001: Information Security Requirements
ISO/IEC 27002: Information Security - Code of Practice
ISO/IEC 9594-8: Public-key and Attribute Certificate Frameworks
ISO/IEC 9834-8: Universally Unique Identifiers (UUIDs)
ISO/TR 12037: Electronic Imaging, Expungement of Information
ISO/TR 12654: Electronic Imaging, Management of Electronic Recording Systems
ISO/TR 15801: Electronic Imaging - Trustworthiness and Reliability
ISO/TR 18492: Long-term Preservation
ISO/TS 12033: Electronic Imaging Compression
JPEG 2000