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Date added 3 October 2007
Last edited 11 November 2009

Full Title

Tagged Image File Format


TIFF is designed to describe and store raster image data produced by digital cameras, scanners, frame grabbers and photographic manipulation software, with the aim of efficient image data exchange in a rich environment, which takes account of differentials in hardware capability. TIFF is designed to be backwards compatible.

TIFF Revision 6.0, defines a tag-based file descriptor that can characterise almost any form of 2D raster data using either ASCII or binary (byte, short, long or rational) coding. Private tags and enumerated values can be used, on application to the Adobe TIFF Administrator, to allow additional parameters to be added to the descriptor.

Standards Developing Organisation



No information available

Lifecycle Actions

Access, Use and Reuse
Create or Receive
Preservation Planning

Standard Frameworks

Digital Archive Standards
Electronic Records Management Standards

Standard Type

File Formats

Current Version

Further Information

Adobe Pagemaker 6.0, TIFF Technical Notes [external PDF]
TIFF Specification Supplement 1 - enhancements for Adobe Pagemaker 6.0 Software
Adobe Photoshop TIFF Technical Notes [external PDF]
TIFF Specification Supplement 2 - Enhancements for Adobe Photoshop software

Alternative Current Versions


Previous Versions

30 April 1987 - (Tag Image File Format Rev 4.0) [external]
No longer available from the Adobe website, but available at the above url for the time being.
8 August 1988 - (TIFF Revision 5.0) [external]
No longer available from the Adobe website, but available at the above url for the time being.

Referenced Standards

ANSI IT8.7/1 - 1993 (R2003) - Graphic Technology - Color Transmission Target for Input Scanner Calibration
ANSI IT8.7/2 - 1993 (R2003) Graphic Technology - Color Reflection Target for Input Scanner Calibration
ANSI IT8.7/3 - 1993 (R2003) Graphic Technology - Input Data for Characterization of 4-color Process Printing
CIE 1931 Standard Observer
IEEE 754 -1985: Standard for Binary Floating-point Arithmetic
ISO/IEC 10918-1:1994, Information Technology - Digital Compression and Coding of Continuous-Tone Still Images: Requirements and Guidelines
ITU-T Recommendation BT.709-1 (11/93), November 1993, Basic parameter values for the HDTV Standard for the Studio and for International Programme Exchange
ITU-T Recommendation T.6, November 1988, Facsimile Coding Schemes and Coding Control Functions for Group 4 Facsimile Apparatus
Kodak PhotoYCC Colour Space for PhotoCD Images, 1992