General Research Data

These standards and tools were not developed with research data in mind, but they have been adapted for use among a wide range of disciplines.

For those interested in what a multi-disciplinary standard might look like, the JISC-sponsored Scientific Data Application Profile Scoping Study provides an excellent comparison and compilation of data-focused standards.

Metadata Standards

DataCite Metadata Schema

A domain-agnostic list of core metadata properties chosen for the accurate and consistent identification of data for citation and retrieval purposes.

DCAT - Data Catalog Vocabulary

DCAT is an RDF vocabulary designed to facilitate interoperability between data catalogs published on the Web.

Dublin Core

A basic, domain-agnostic standard which can be easily understood and implemented, and as such is one of the best known and most widely used metadata standards.

OAI-ORE - Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange

Defines standards for the description and exchange of aggregations of Web resources.

Observations and Measurements

This standard specifies an XML implementation for the OGC and ISO Observations and Measurements (O&M) conceptual model, including a schema for Sampling Features.

PROV

A specification that provides a vocabulary to interchange provenance information.

RDF Data Cube Vocabulary

The Data Cube vocabulary is a core foundation which supports extension vocabularies to enable publication of other aspects of statistical data flows or other multi-dimensional data sets.

Repository-Developed Metadata Schemas

Some repositories have decided that current standards do not fit their metadata needs, and so have created their own requirements.

Extensions

AGLS Metadata Profile

An application of Dublin Core designed to improve visibility and availability of online resources, originally adapted from the Australian Government Locator Service metadata standard for use in government agencies.

Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS)

Used to describe semantic assets, defined as highly reusable metadata (for example: XML schemata, generic data models) and reference data (for example: code lists, taxonomies, dictionaries, vocabularies) that are used for eGovernment system development.

Dryad Metadata Application Profile

An application profile based on the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Abstract Model, used to describe multi-disciplinary data underlying peer-reviewed scientific and medical literature.

GSIM - Generic Statistical Information Model

A reference framework that provides a common terminology acroos and between statistical organisations; aligns with DDI and SDMX.

Tools

CKAN

Tool which utilizes the DCAT standard. CKAN is a powerful data management system that makes data accessible – by providing tools to streamline publishing, sharing, finding and using data.

CKAN is aimed at data publishers (national and regional governments, companies and organizations) wanting to make their data open and available. Portals that use CKAN include http://data.gov.uk and http://open-data.europa.eu. The United States http://data.gov uses a version of CKAN wrapped up as the Open Government Platform.

DataCite Metadata Store API

RESTFUL API for registering datasets with the DataCite organization. The interface uses the DataCite Metadata Schema.

DCMI Tools and Software

The DCMI Tools Community list of tools and software implementing Dublin Core.

DdiEditor

DdiEditor is a DDI-Lifecycle Editing Framework developed by the DDA - Danish Data Archive.

Linked Data Cubes Explorer

The Linked Data Cubes Explorer allows for the analysis of statistical datasets using the RDF Cube Vocabulary.

SOS -Sensor Observation Service

This tool uses the Observations and Measurements standard to define a Web service interface which allows querying observations, sensor metadata, as well as representations of observed features.

Use Cases

3TU.Datacentrum

A multidisciplinary data repository for a consortium of universities in the Netherlands, using a metadata structure based on the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative.

BAV - Biblioteca Apoltolica Vaticana

The Vatican Library uses FITS as the digital image format for the digitization of its manuscript collection.

Edinburgh DataShare

An online digital repository of multi-disciplinary research datasets produced at the University of Edinburgh, using a modified Dublin Core metadata catalogue.

ePrints Soton

The University of Southampton's multi-disciplinary Institutional Research Repository, using a profile of Dublin Core and administrative ePrints metadata.

List of RDF Data Cube Vocabulary Implementations

W3C Government Linked Data list of implementations of the RDF Data Cube Vocabulary.

National Science Digital Library Data Repository

An online portal for education and research on learning in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, using a profile of the Dublin Core Metadata Elements for resource and collections metadata.

Open Archives Inititative

Develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient dissemination of content.

PROV Implementation Report

A list of the implementations and usage of the PROV specifications.